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Definition of Pneumonia or Bronchopneumonia, Causes of Pneumonia, Risk Factors of Pneumonia, Symptoms of Pneumonia, Diagnosis of Pneumonia, Treatment of Pneumonia, Complication of Pneumonia, Lifestyle and Home Remedies for patient during treatment of Pneumonia, Prevention of Pneumonia.








Definition of Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection of one or both of lung, usually caused by an infection. Pneumonia can result from a variety of causes, including infection with bacteria, viruses, fungi, or Mycoplasma (parasites), and chemical or physical injury to the lungs.

Pneumonia often is a complication of another condition, such as the flu. For most people, pneumonia can be treated at home. It often clears up in 2 to 3 weeks. But older adults, babies, and people with other diseases can become very ill. They may need to be in the hospital.

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Articles About Pneumonia Disease @ 8:43 AM, ,



Symptoms of Pneumonia

Symptoms of pneumonia can vary greatly, depending on any underlying conditions people may have and the type of organism causing the infection. The pneumonia symptoms can helps in identifying the form of pneumonia it self.

The pneumonia often start during or after an upper respiratory infection, such as influenza or a cold. General signs and symptoms of pneumonia may include:

Symptoms of pneumonia indicating a medical emergency include the following:

Ironically, people in high-risk groups such as older adults and people with chronic illnesses or weakened immune systems may have fewer or milder symptoms than less vulnerable people do. Older adults may have different, fewer, or milder symptoms, such as no fever or a cough with no mucus (a dry or nonproductive cough). The major sign of pneumonia in older adults may be when there is a change in how clearly they think (confusion or delirium) or when a lung disease they already have gets worse.

In children, symptoms may depend on age:

Conditions that may look like pneumonia include bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and tuberculosis.

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Causes and Risk factors of Pneumonia

There are about 30 different causes of pneumonia. However, they all fall into one of these categories:
  1. Infective pneumonia: Inflammation and infection of the lungs and bronchial tubes that occurs when a bacteria, virus, mycoplasma and fungus gets into the lungs and starts to reproduce.

  2. Aspiration pneumonia: An inflammation of the lungs and bronchial tubes caused by inhaling vomit, mucous, or other bodily fluids (Agents such as petroleum solvents, dry cleaning fluid, lighter fluid, kerosene, gasoline, and liquid polishes and waxes are the most likely causes.). Aspiration pneumonia can also be caused by inhaling certain chemicals.

Risk factors to develop of pneumonia are;

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Complications of Pneumonia

How serious pneumonia is depends on their overall health and the type and extent of pneumonia they have. Pneumonia disease often can be treated successfully for the younger and healthy people.

Anyhow, Pneumonia complications may include:

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Tests and Diagnosis of Pneumonia

The medical provider will put a suspect pneumonia to the patient based on their medical history and a physical exam. They will ask to the patient about recent infection or the presence of any chronic respiratory infection. Also reveal any exposure he/she has had to other people suffering from pneumonia, including history of smoking along with drug and reported of alcohol abuse.

Important test to help putting diagnose of Pneumonia are;

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Treatments of Pneumonia

Pneumonia treatments are vary, depends on the severity of symptoms and the type of organism which causing the infection. Patients with pneumonia are generally treated with Antibiotics as the most common cause of the condition, Respiratory support with oxygen, if needed categorizing severity and determining the need for Hospitalization.

If the Pneumonia is cause by viral, typical antibiotics will NOT be effective. The doctor will choose an antibiotic based on a number of things, including age, symptoms and how severe they are.

  1. Bacterial pneumonia.Bacterial pneumonia (caused by the streptococcus pneumonia bacteria).
    • Doctors usually treat bacterial pneumonia with antibiotics with such as penicillin, ampicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin) and erythromycin.
    • Bacterial pneumonia (caused by the hemophilus influenza bacteria) is treated with antibiotics, such as cefuroxime (Ceftin), ampicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin), ofloxacin (Floxin), and trimethoprim-sulfanethoxazole (Bactrim and Septra).
    • Bacterial pneumonia (caused by legionella pneumophilia and staphylococcus aureus bacteria) are treated with antibiotics, such as erythromycin.

      Antibiotics usually work well with younger, otherwise healthy people who have strong immune systems. Taking the antibiotics should be complete the entire course (at least 3 days), Stopping medication too soon may cause the pneumonia to return (resistant to antibiotics).
  2. Viral pneumonia.
    Antibiotics aren't effective against most viral forms of pneumonia, This type of pneumonia usually resolves over time.
  3. Mycoplasma pneumonia.
    This kind of pneumonia treated with antibiotics, such as erythromycin, clarithromycin (Biaxin), tetracycline or azithromycin (Zithromax).
  4. Fungal pneumonia.
    The doctor prescibed an antifungal medication for the patient who diagnosed as pneumonia cause by fungus.

Many people with Pneumonia can be treated at home with antibiotics. The Patients who has mild pneumonia are usually treated using oral macrolide antibiotics (azithromycin, clarithromycin, or erythromycin). The patients who has pneumonia and developed of other serious illnesses, such as heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or emphysema, kidney disease, or diabetes are often given one of the following medicine:

In addition to the pharmaceutical intervention, the doctor will also recommend the patient to do the therapeutic coughing, breathing exercises, proper diet, cough suppressants, pain relievers and fever reducers, such as aspirin (not for children) or acetaminophen.

When hospitalization is needed, oxygen therapy and artificial ventilation may be required. Sometimes you may spend three or four days in the hospital receiving intravenous antibiotics and then continue to recover at home with oral medication.

Nursing priorities for patient with pneumonia are;
  1. Maintain/improve respiratory function.
  2. Prevent complications.
  3. Support recuperative process.
  4. Provide information about disease process/prognosis and treatment.

Discharge Goal on admitted patient with pneumonia are;
  1. Ventilation and oxygenation adequate for individual needs.
  2. Complications prevented/minimized.
  3. Disease process/prognosis and therapeutic regimen understood.
  4. Lifestyle changes identified/initiated to prevent recurrence.
  5. Plan in place to meet needs after discharge.

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Lifestyle and Home Remedies

Some one who has diagnosed as pneumonia, better for them to follow the steps bellow which can help them recover more quickly and decrease their risk of complications:

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Prevention of Pneumonia

Some steps that can help you to prevent getting pneumonia are:

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